Georgia is a country with high emigration intensity. Main reason for emigration is search for employment abroad. Namely, 75 – 80% of emigrants are migrant workers. In spite of this, Georgia’s labour migration policy is still only at a formation stage and the activities of private employment agencies in the field are neither efficient nor ethical. As a result, labour migration from Georgia is mainly of unorganized and irregular nature, accompanied by related risks and socio-economic losses. Though the Government of Georgia shows more and more interest towards temporary labour migration through fostering inter-country cooperation, relevant underdeveloped models significantly hinder its development.
It is an aim of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Mission to Georgia to form and pilot in practice the abovementioned model. Poland and Estonia were selected as pilot countries and the project “Piloting Temporary Labour Migration of Georgian Workers to Poland and Estonia” was developed and funded by IOM Development Fund.