IOM contributes to the development of regulated temporary labour migration and establishment of bilateral cooperation framework. That is planned to be achieved through transferring expertise via study visits, targeted trainings and workshops contributing to the capacity building and awareness raising of labour migration policy makers and practitioners and the private employment agencies on ethical recruitment principles and respective international legal framework.
IOM Mobility and Migrant Resource Centres
The established IOM network of four Mobility Centres and two Migrant Resource Centres with countrywide coverage represent an efficient mechanism for comprehensive services aimed at diverse groups of population such as IDPs, returned migrants, vulnerable social groups prone to migration, migrant communities and mobile populations. IOM Georgia has extensive experience in conducting labour market research as a basis for strategic planning of demand and supply sides of the labour market and development of the workforce in Georgia. IOM has also provided strategic policy advice concerning the reform of the professional orientation and career planning system of Georgia. Additionally IOM is involved in the development of specially designed vocational education programmes in line with labour market demands.
Temporary Labour Migration of Georgian Workers to Poland and Estonia
IOM Georgia is implementing a new project “Temporary Labour Migration of Georgian Workers to Poland and Estonia” to develop operational frameworks for facilitating worker mobility from Georgia to Poland and Estonia that promote effective job-matching, migrant skill development and protection of their labour and human rights.
Estimates of the volume of Georgian labour migration vary, but researchers agree that migrant workers comprise a relatively large share of the population residing abroad. Available surveys display the continued interest among Georgians living in Georgia to participate in temporary labour migration. Due to the underdeveloped regulatory framework and support mechanisms, Georgian migrants use personal contacts and networking or resort to services of private recruitment agencies or acquaintances to find work abroad. The predominantly informal nature of employment increases their vulnerability to labour and human rights abuses.
Since 2009 Georgian citizens, along with nationals of other Eastern Partnership countries, have been able to work in Poland for up to 6 months per year without a work permit with a possibility to re-enter and work under the same conditions, including changing the employer. Since the inception of this simplified procedure facilitating the circularity of movement, over 4000 workers from Georgia have made use of its benefits, primarily working in the agriculture and construction sectors. The spontaneous character of labour migration of Georgians within this scheme, however, has not yet allowed the Georgian Government to initiate more substantial and long-term planning to adequately respond to national workforce development needs and ensure better skills matching with the Polish labour market demands.
In partnership with the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs (MoLHSA) and its Social Service Agency (SSA), the Ministry of Justice of Georgia, as a Secretariat to the State Commission of Migration Issues (SCMI), and its Public Service Development Agency (PSDA) IOM Georgia aims to address achieve the following results:
1. inform the Georgian Government and partners in Estonia and Poland about relevant regulative frameworks and economic needs for labour migration from Georgia, making them aware about existing implementation gaps in light of past experiences and possible ways to improve future labour migration processes;
2. raise capacity of the labour migration management structures of Georgia, Poland and Estonia to effectively facilitate labour migration from Georgia in a cooperative, comprehensive manner and in adherence to ethical recruitment standards and practices;
3. test temporary and circular labour migration operational model on the basis of ethical recruitment standards for improvement of future temporary and circular labour migration support schemes out of Georgia.
Due to scarce information on labour market needs in Poland and Estonia, the project will include rapid labour market analyses in both Estonia and Poland to enable a more targeted approach to matching workers with employment opportunities. As a result, the pilot temporary recruitment schemes will be formulated based on concrete needs, building a basis for long-standing bilateral cooperation for temporary and circular migration schemes between Georgia and the two countries.