The Targeted Initiative for Georgia (TIG) project “Support reintegration of Georgian returning migrants and the implementation of the EU-Georgia readmission agreement” is being implemented with financial assistance from the European Union as a leading project of the cooperation betweenGeorgia and EU Member States defined in the Mobility Partnership Declaration signed in November 2009.
Unemployment represents the most acute socio-economic problem for modern Georgia and the country’s most significant challenge. The government also recognizes this and increasingly intensifies its efforts to mitigate and regulate the issue. The aim of the research conducted in February – June of 2011 was to determine the volume and structure of the workforce on the labor market and identify their compliance with employers’ requirements.
Strong employment numbers and a robust labor market are crucial for economic development and enhancement of the nation’s social cohesion. Government is responsible to design and enact mechanisms to achieve the goals of supporting employment numbers and strengthening the labor market. The special survey conducted in June and July 2010 by IOM within the framework of the USAID Job Counseling and Placement Project sought data on current and prospective demand for labor by economic activity and by region, and studied factors effecting business development and job creation.
Within the framework of the project ‘School Education to Contribute to the Prevention of Trafficking in Persons in Georgia’, IOM, in close cooperation with the Ministry of Education and Science of Georgia, developed text books for 9th and 10th grade school students.
The report aims to highlight strategic problems in the region; to identify any opportunities to boost development with funds from remittances; and to select ways of supporting development in the region.
Fieldwork conducted in Tianeti (Georgia) and Athens (Greece) included surveys of both remittance recipients in rural Georgia (Tianeti) and remittance senders in the most popular emigration destination, Greece.
The initial terms of this research was to look at whether mobile banking system is feasible in Georgia and if it is, to see if it could be used to facilitate the transfer of international remittances.
IOM has produced a Migration Profile for Georgia in an attempt to bring existing information together in a structured manner. This document presents information and data available on immigration, emigration, irregular migration, diaspora and remittances. The attached document is the result of data collection conducted over 2008, whereas IOM is keen to continue producing Migration Profiles in the future as well.