Management of return migration is an important dimension of the overall migration management context and an effective tool to combat irregular migration. Giving the choice of voluntary return rather than forced return being a guiding principle.
IOM supports programs of assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR) for Georgian nationals currently from 27 countries of destination as well as implements AVRRs for foreigners returning from Georgia to different countries of origin.
IOM will continue to support the implementation of the Georgia-EU Readmission Agreement with development of targeted initiatives including capacity building, information systems management to process effectively readmission cases, document exchange, identification including biometric data capturing as well as extending comprehensive reintegration services for migrants upon return to Georgia.
Through its Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) Programmes, IOM aims at orderly, humane and cost-effective return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host countries and wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin. Beneficiaries of AVRR programmes include any person abroad requiring the humane and cost-effective support of IOM, such as rejected asylum seekers or those likely to face rejection of their claim, irregular migrants, stranded migrants, victims of trafficking, and other vulnerable groups, including unaccompanied minors, elderly people, or those with health related needs. The essential stages of a standard AVRR are pre-departure, transportation and post-arrival.
The return and reintegration package typically comprises free travel, airport assistance and secondary transportation, vocational training, provision of temporary accommodation and medical assistance for returnees from specific countries and support in small business start-up. In Georgia financed business ventures for returnees include cattle breeding (dairy and meat production), beekeeping, production of furniture and bakery. Training has included courses in IT, foreign languages and accounting. Job placements have included work in construction, transportation and administration.
IOM works with the Government of Georgia in building of institutional systems for management of irregular flows and voluntary return from Georgia IOM will assist the government to develop appropriate policies towards the creation of voluntary return from Georgia for stranded migrants, rejected asylum seekers and other migrants in need of return assistance. In addition IOM Georgia has assisted in the return of 67 third-country nationals to return to countries that include Afghanistan, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Iraq, Nigeria, and Tajikistan.